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Camera: DCS420A Serial #: 420-2040 Width: 1524 Height: 1012 Date: 11/24/97 Time: 11:39:45 DCS4XX Image FW Ver: 081596 TIFF Image Look: Product ---------------------- Counter: [88] ISO: 100 Aperture: F2.8 Shutter: 60 Lens (mm): 28 Exposure: M Program: Po Exp Comp: 0.0 Meter area: Mtrx Flash sync: Norm Drive mode: S Focus mode: S Focus area: Wide Distance: 3.4m
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Roger That Part 3 Thats Sputnik | Article by Anurag | English

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So let’s go back to the 1950s, where it all started. America and the Soviet Union were cold war enemies, the two superpowers in the world.

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Sputnik, roger that 3, blogscart story, blogscart, space history, space story
Image Source: Wikipedia

In a press conference in July 1955, the US announced that they intend to launch ‘small earth circling satellites’ between July 1957 and December 1958 as a part of their contribution to the International Geophysical Year(IGY).

In a press conference in July 1955, the US announced that they intend to launch ‘small earth circling satellites’ between July 1957 and December 1958 as a part of their contribution to the International Geophysical Year(IGY).

Four days later, Soviet scientist Leonid I. Sedov spoke to international reporters at the Soviet Embassy and announced his county’s intention to launch a satellite in the near future.

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Image source - Vanguard rocket on Pad LC-18A - Wikipedia

On the 4th of October 1957, the USSR(Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) surprised the entire world by launching history’s first man-made satellite, the Sputnik. It looked like a shiny ball with radio transmitters on it.

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Camera: DCS420A Serial #: 420-2040 Width: 1524 Height: 1012 Date: 11/24/97 Time: 11:39:45 DCS4XX Image FW Ver: 081596 TIFF Image Look: Product ---------------------- Counter: [88] ISO: 100 Aperture: F2.8 Shutter: 60 Lens (mm): 28 Exposure: M Program: Po Exp Comp: 0.0 Meter area: Mtrx Flash sync: Norm Drive mode: S Focus mode: S Focus area: Wide Distance: 3.4m

The launch of Sputnik created a period of public fear in the western nations about the perceived technological gap between the United Nations and the Soviet Union. This was named the Sputnik Crisis, it was a significant event in the cold war.

Sputnik, roger that 3, blogscart story, blogscart, space history, space story
Image Source: Wikipedia

The launch of Sputnik marked the beginning of the Space Race between the two superpowers. On the other hand, United States’s Vanguard Rocket failed many times, it was pretty clear that it was extremely unreliable. American Authorities then decided to use Wernher Von Braun and his team’s experience to develop an orbital launch vehicle.

Von Braun was a German-American Aerospace Engineer who became the pioneer of rocket and space technology in the US. Von Braun and his team convinced the president of the US to use one of their US army missiles. The US army was instructed to use a modified Jupiter-C rocket to launch a satellite, the modified rocket was later named Juno-1.

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Image Source: Wikipedia
Sputnik, roger that 3, blogscart story, blogscart, space history, space story
Image Source: Wikipedia
Meanwhile, On 3 November 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 2, the first spacecraft to carry a living animal to space, a space dog named Laika. Laika died on the fourth orbit of the flight due to overheating caused by an air conditioning malfunction.

Soviets achieved continuous success in space. After the two successful Sputnik missions, the US launched the Explorer 1 satellite on the top of the Juno-1 rocket in Feb 1958, America’s first and world’s third man-made satellite.

NASA was established by law on 29 July 1958. These initial missions were followed by several Explorer and Sputnik missions. The next milestone was to launch a Human into space. We’ll talk about it in the next one.

Click here to read Part 2 Roger That – Launch America

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savita
savita
5 months ago

✌️👍

Pihu
4 months ago

geeky article

Deepak Singh
Deepak Singh
4 months ago

Very nice

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