in ,

LoveLove GeekyGeeky AngryAngry CuteCute OMGOMG WTFWTF LOLLOL

NCERT Class 11th History chapter 11 Paths of Modernisation Notes by Vibha Maam CBSE | English

Paths of Modernisation, modernisation, japan modernisation,ways of being modern by japan, class 11 lesson 11 paths of modernisation, chapter 11 paths of modernisation precise notes, class 11 chapter 11 history notes, class 11 sst notes, class 11 history notes, japan way of modernisation, NCERT class 11 notes, nots by vibha mam, history class 11th lesson 11 ncert notes, modern japan, class 11 history notes by vibha, vibha, vibha maam notes, vibha madam
created using Canva | Pexels Integration
Share with your friends

Checkout handpicked notes of NCERT class 11th History Chapter 11 Paths of Modernisation notes by Vibha Madam, and share it with your friends and classmates.

Paths of Modernisation notes by Vibha Maam

Geographical Features of Japan

  • Chain of Islands 
  • Four largest Islands – Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, Hokkaido
  • 50% Islands are mountainous and active earthquake zone ( it influenced architecture)
  • Population – Japanese, Ainu( minority),Koreans (laborers)
  • Food:- rice ,fish, raw fish(Sushi, most popular healthy dish and source of protein)

Political System

  • Till twelfth century:- emperor had ruled from Kyoto
  • By twelfth century:- they overcome by shoguns
  • From 1603 to 1867 Tokugawa family (Shogun) ruled 
  • Shogun divided country into 250 domains, under the rule of lords (daimyo)
  • Daimyo ruled their domains  from Edo(modern Tokyo)
  • Samurai (the warrior) aristocrats, served the shoguns and daimyo

 Three changes done by shoguns for future development

  • Only samurai could carry arms (swords) √daimyo would lived in their domain with autonomy 
  • Land surveys identified the land productivity to ensure a stable revenue base
  • The most populated city in the world by mid 17th century Edo and other two cities Osaka and Kyoto
  • This led to the growth of commercial economy, created financial and credit systems 
  • People were very fond of reading.
  • People were patronage of art ,theater and printing.
  • Import items:- silk from China, textile from India, paying in gold and silver 

To reduce imports 

  • Established silk industry in Nishijin (Kyoto) world famous silk
  • Creation of stock market in rice to increase use of money

Social and Intellectual changes

Japanese literature ‘Tale of the Genji’ written by Murasaki Shikibu (female writer) led people to question – The essence(inherent) of being Japanese could be found long before the contact with China.

Myths of origin – Islands were created by God and that the emperor was a descendant of the sun goddess.

The Meiji Restoration

  • In 1853,Commodore Matthew Perry, (USA) signed a treaty to permit trade and diplomatic relations with Japan.

Ideology of Meiji government

  • 1868 , emperor reestablished their power and removed shoguns
  • Edo renamed Tokyo (Eastern capital)
  • The new policy of government to defend the country from Europeans
  • Slogan ‘Fukoku Kyohei‘( rich country, strong army)
  • Developed economy and built strong army create a sense of nationhood among the people
  • Transformed subjects into ‘citizens’
  • Built the ‘Emperor system’ (emperor +bureaucracy + military= exercised power)
  • Officials studied European monarchies
  • His birthday become national holiday 
  • Proclamation of law ( edicts) were issued in his name
  • 1890 the’ imperial Rescript on Education’ urged people to pursue learning
  • 1870 – a new schooling system begin
  • 1910 – Universalisation of education √schooling was compulsory for all boys and girls
  • Minimal tuition fees
  • Curriculum based on western model
  • Stress on loyalty and Japanese history √the ministry of education exercised control over the curriculum and teacher training.
  • ‘Moral Culture’ added in education

 The Measures that created Opposition for Government

  • All young man compulsory to serve a period of military service 
  • Regulated the formation of political groups
  • Control over meetings
  • Strict censorship 
  • Bureaucracy and military were put under the emperor.

Meiji reforms ( modernizing of the economy)

  • Tax on agriculture
  • Japan’s first railway line (1870-72) between Tokyo and port of Yokohama 
  • Imported textile machinery from Europe foreign technicians and teachers were employed 
  • Launched modern banking institutions(1872)
  • Subsidies and tax benefits given to company like Mitsubishi and sumitomo (shipbuilding) 
  • Zaibatsu,the large business organisation  dominated the economy
  • Population increased 35 million (1872)  to 55 million (1920) 
  • The government encouraged migration to reduce population pressure,first to Northern Island Hokkaido (Ainu native) then to Hawaii and Brazil
  • They developed industries in these areas. 
  • In modern factories, most of the workers were women.

Aggressive Nationalism

  • Meiji constitution had restricted franchise
  • Created a diet (parliament) with limited power
  • Imperial Restoration- Meiji government established political parties 
  • Elected prime-ministers form cabinets •emperor was the commander of the forces
  • Generals and admirals could become minister
  • This strengthening of the military 
  • Higher taxes to fund the armed forces Westernization and Tradition

     Different intellectuals had different views on Japan’s external affairs with other countries 

  • Fukuzawa Yukichi (Meiji Philosophe) :- ‘expel Asia and become part of the west’
  • Miyake Setsurei:-‘ to develop oneself to one’s country is to devote oneself to the world’.
  • Ueki Emori:- demanding constitutional government, voting rights for women 

Daily Life

  • Patriarchal household system
  • Nuclear family
  • New types of domestic goods
  • New types of family entertainments
  • Cheap housing available

 Overcoming ‘Modernity’

  • Japan extended its Empire in China and other parts of Asia and attacked Pearl Harbor (USA).
  • Second World War emerged 1939 to 1945 
  • Formation of patriotic societies and women’s organisations to support the the war
  • An influential conference(Symposium) on ‘overcoming modernity’ in 1943.

 Morai Saburo (Musician):- Against playing Japanese music on western instruments.

 Nishitani Keiji:–  defined modern as the unity of three streams of Western thoughts       

  • Renaissance
  • Protestant reformation
  • Rise of natural sciences

 After defeat:- Re-emerging as a Global economic power

  • Two super powers:- Allied power ( BRFU) and Axis power( GIJ) indulged in the second world war.
  • War ended with the defeat of Japan, dropping nuclear bombs on two cities of Japan, Nagasaki and Hiroshima by the Allied forces.

After Defeat

  • Japan was demilitarised
  • New constitution introduced
  • Article 9,’No war clause’ introduced 
  • Re-establishment of trade union
  • First post war elections held in 1946

 Post -war ‘miracle’

  • Rapid rebuilding of Japanese economy √first Olympics held in Tokyo 1964 
  • Shinkansen (bullet trains) started in 1964 environmental degradation due to industrialisation
  • Air pollution caused by cadmium and mercury poisoning
  • New legal regulations and the world strictest law enacted in Japan.

Don’t forget to comment in the comment section below to appreciate the hard work of our author by sharing this notes with your known person you can also Contact us for any query or if you are interested in writing with us.

Stay tuned for more amazing stories, poems & articles like this.

Use Canva and Pixabay for amazing images.


Share with your friends


What do you think?

163 Points
Upvote Downvote
Notify of
Newest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
2 years ago

must appreciate the effort of the teacher by providing points to points notes

2 years ago

Superb 👌👍

1 year ago

where’s the Korea’s part?

1 year ago
Reply to  tanisha

same. i am also looking for the korea part

9 months ago
Reply to  tanisha
got the korea part
they just uploaded the chapters in parts for easy learning… tbh very precise notes hope they gonna add more chapters and other subjects too


[…] Click here to read first part of this chapter & click here to read second part. […]

Written by Vibha Singh

Story Teller and Proud Teacher

An imperial capital Vijayanagara, vijaynagar, imperial capital vijayagar, vijaynagara, An imperial capital Vijayanagara notes, chapter 7 precise notes, class 12 chapter 7 history notes, class 12 sst notes, class 12 history notes, write and cite Notes, NCERT class 12 notes, nots by vibha mam, history class 12th lesson 7 ncert notes, city life, class 12 history notes by vibha, vibha, vibha maam notes, vibha madam

NCERT Class 12th History chapter 7 An Imperial Capital Vijayanagara notes by Vibha Maam CBSE | English

Natural vegetation and Wildlife, geo natural vegetation and wildlife notes, Natural vegetation and Wildlife notes, vegetation notes, wildlife notes, natural vegetation, class 9 chapter 5 notes, ncert chapter 5 geo notes, geography lesson 5 class 9 notes, vibha madam, class 9 geo notes ncert, wildlife, vegetation & wildlife

NCERT Class 9th Geography chapter 5 Natural vegetation and Wildlife Notes by Vibha Maam CBSE | English