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NCERT Class 10th Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture notes by Vibha Maam CBSE in English | Precise Notes

Agriculture notes, class 10 geo notes, farming, chapter 4 notes, class 10 chapter 4 notes, class 10 notes, geo notes, geography notes, notes by vibha maam, nots by vibha mam, agriculture, agriculture notes, sst notes, vibha maam, jyoti quotes, blogscart notes
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Checkout handpicked notes of NCERT class 10th Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture notes by Vibha Madam and don’t forget to share your valuable comments in the comment below to motivate our author.

Agriculture notes by Vibha Maam

Farming

Art of growing crops into the soil.

Type of farming

  1. Subsistence farming

  2. Commercial farming

Subsistence farming:- In this type of farming, farmers grow crops for self- consumption. These are two types of subsistence farming.

        i) Primitive subsistence farming:- it  is also known as ‘slash and burn’ agriculture. Farmers use primitive tools like hoe, dao and digging sticks. land productivity is low.

        ii) Intensive subsistence farming :– This type of farming is practised in areas of high density of population ,where pressure of population is high on agricultural land. Farmers take maximum output from the limited land. They use high doses of biochemical inputs and irrigation for obtaining higher production.

Commercial farming:-this is the capital intensive farming. Farmers use high doses of modern inputs e.g. HYV seeds, chemical fertilizers, insecticides and pesticides.

         i) Mixed farming:- In this type of farming, farmers involved in growing crops as well as raising livestock. This type of farming is practised in India, Malaysia, Indonesia, China, Canada, Russia etc.

         ii) Plantation farming:– In this type of farming a single crop is grown on a large area. The production is mainly for market and all the produce is used as raw material in respective industries. Tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana etc. are important plantation crops.

Cropping Pattern

These are three seasons for growing crops like Rabi, Kharif and Zaid

Rabi   

            Sowing-      Oct- Dec (winter crops)

            Harvesting-  Feb- April/ May

            Crops        – wheat, barley, peas, gram

Kharif

          Sowing-   May-Jul (summer crops)

          Harvesting-  Sep-Oct/ Nov

          Crops      –    rice, maize, jowar, bajra, sugarcane, jute

Zaid 

          Sowing –   Apr-Jun

          Harvesting –   short duration crops

          Crops –  vegetables, watermelon, cucumber etc.

Major Crops 

These are three types of crops -like food crops, non- food crops , horticulture crops

Food crops :- Grains like rice ,wheat, millet, maize and pulses 

Plantation crops :- Sugarcane, tea, coffee, oilseeds

Non- food crops :- Cotton, jute, natural silk, hemp

Horticulture crops:-  Fruits and vegetables.

Agricultural Reforms

Various initiatives taken by the government to ensure the increase in agricultural production.

     The Green Revolution based on the use of technology and the White Revolution were some of the strategies initiated to improve a lot of Indian agriculture. 

          MSP, crop insurance, subsidy on agricultural inputs, Garmin Banks, Kisan credit card (KCC), personal accident insurance scheme (PAIS) are some of the reforms brought by the government.

Agriculture notes, class 10 geo notes, farming, chapter 4 notes, class 10 chapter 4 notes, class 10 notes, geo notes, geography notes, notes by vibha maam, nots by vibha mam, agriculture, agriculture notes, sst notes, vibha maam, jyoti quotes, blogscart notes
Major Crops
Agriculture notes, class 10 geo notes, farming, chapter 4 notes, class 10 chapter 4 notes, class 10 notes, geo notes, geography notes, notes by vibha maam, nots by vibha mam, agriculture, agriculture notes, sst notes, vibha maam, jyoti quotes, blogscart notes
Plantation & Non- food crops

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Himanshu
Himanshu
2 months ago

appreciable efforts maam your notes make chapters easy and enjoyable.

Komal
2 months ago

very nice ma’am

Vandana
2 months ago

Thanks mam for providing these fantastic and appreciate notes😊😊

Vandana
2 months ago

Thank you so much mam for these amazing notes.. These notes are very appreciable for me😊😊

Vandana
2 months ago

Appreciable efforts 👍👍

Jyotsna Mishra
Jyotsna Mishra
2 months ago

fantastic notes

Shikha
2 months ago

superb notes

Kashish
Kashish
1 month ago

awesome notes mam

Sakshi
Sakshi
1 month ago

wonderful

Kanishka
Kanishka
1 month ago

thankyou maam

Ravi
Ravi
1 month ago

fantastic mam

Tanvi
Tanvi
1 month ago

Superb notes mam🤓🙆‍♀️👏👏

Khushi
1 month ago

outstanding it really helpful for us

Yogita
Yogita
1 month ago

nice ma’am

Kangna
Kangna
1 month ago

thanks for awesome notes mam

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