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NCERT Class 10th Pol Science chapter 2 Federalism notes by Vibha Maam CBSE | English

Federalism notes, notes by vibha maam, vibha maam, nots by vibha mam, political science notes, chapter 2 notes, class 10th notes, federalism, sst notes, blogscart notes
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Checkout handpicked notes of NCERT class 10th Pol Science Chapter 2 Federalism notes by Vibha Madam, and don’t forget to share your valuable comments in the comment below to motivate our author.

Federalism Notes by Vibha Maam

What is federalism?

Federalism is a system of government in which the power is divided between the union and the provinces. Usually it has two levels of government.

Federal Government

  • Power is divided between the Central authority and various constituent units of the country.
  • Different levels enjoy power independently.

Unitary Government

  • One level of government
  • No division of powers
  • Subunits are subordinate to central government 

Features of Federalism

  • Two or more levels of government 
  • Each tier has its own jurisdiction in specific matters of legislation, taxation, etc.
  • Existence and authority of each tier is constitutionally guaranteed 
  • Changes by consent of both the levels of government 
  • Independent judiciary 
  • Financial autonomy 
  • Dual objectives

Two routes of federation

Coming together federation and holding together federation 

Coming together federation – States come together to form bigger units like USA, Switzerland, Australia 

Holding together federation –  Large country divides its power between the constituent units like India, Spain, Belgium 

Features of Indian federation

Three list system – Union list (defence, foreign affairs, banking, currency)

State list (police, trade, commerce ,agriculture) and 

Concurrent list (education, forest, marriage)

Residuary list (computer software)

  • Independent judiciary
  • Two third majority needed to amend constitution in parliament
  • Three tier of federalism added in the form of Panchayats and municipalities
  • Central government has special power in union territories
Federalism notes, notes by vibha maam, vibha maam, nots by vibha mam, political science notes, chapter 2 notes, class 10th notes, federalism, sst notes, blogscart notes

Federalism practised in India

  • Linguistic States – Based on cultural, ethnicity or geography
  • Language policy – No national language, 22 •scheduled languages, Hindi and English official languages
  • Central state relation – Rise of regional parties, coalition government at Centre
  • Decentralization – Decentralise power to the level of villages and towns.

Decentralisation in India

Constitutional Amendment Act 1992

Local self government on

Rural level :- Panchayats

Urban level :- Municipal corporation and committees.

Constitution amended to make the third- tier of democracy more powerful and effective by

  • Mandatory regular election 
  • State election commission 
  • Seats reserved for women’s and SCs / STs
  • Share of revenue with local governments.

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Ayushi saini
Ayushi saini
3 months ago

Thank you mam for these notes

Shristi Saini
Shristi Saini
3 months ago

Thanks mam for notes!

Tanvi
Tanvi
3 months ago

Thank you mam for these amazing notes😄😄

Aditya Singh
3 months ago

Fantastic notes

adityasingh
3 months ago

Fantastic notes mam

Vandana
2 months ago

Appreciable for your hard work. Thank you mam for providing these notes!

Rajat
Rajat
2 months ago

fabulous notes ji mam ji

Shree
Shree
2 months ago

appreciable efforts maam

Maninder kaur
Maninder kaur
2 months ago

awesome notes mam

Kangna sudan
Kangna sudan
2 months ago

thank you mam you sent these notes

Jyoti
Jyoti
2 months ago

Thank you ma’am

Shikha
2 months ago

awesome notes mam

SAmta
SAmta
2 months ago

Mam thank you so much for providing these notes….. It helps alot in exams and i easily get everything… It’s such a nice way, thanks a lot mam once again.

sanjay Singh
sanjay Singh
1 month ago

👍💯

Written by Vibha Singh

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